Merry Bee on Literacy - Research & Policy:
No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
05/02/08 - http://www.merrybee.info/policy/nclb.html
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 was signed on January 8, 2002 as Public Law No: 107-110. The text of the No Child Left Behind bill with related links for House and Senate is online at < http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d107:h.r.1: >.
The official federal No Child Left Behind technical website for educators provides a summary and overview of the legislation, policy and legislation articles and downloads, regulations and technical guidance, various reports and notices issues in conjunction with NCLB.
< http://www.ed.gov/nclb/ >
There are and will be many online references to summaries, interpretations, and applications of NCLB from various sources.
Categories to help you locate these sources are:
state government sites
professional education organization sites
news media sites
sites about current rules changes and negotiated adjustments in NCLB
sites for a targeted audience
sites related to pending reauthorization
sites related to lawsuits
State government sites
Every state has information concerning NCLB on its website. The listed states were randomly selected to show the NCLB information generated at the state level.
Florida NCLB at < http://www.flboe.org/NCLB/ > Select content targeted for parent, educators, districts, or frequently asked questions. Dropdown menu to publications and links.
Iowa NCLB at < http://www.iowa.gov/educate/content/blogcategory/497/921/ >
The Accountability Workbook, revised May 4, 2007, explains how Iowa is implementing NCLB within the “Iowa Model”. Other sections include discussions of legislation, procedures, standards and benchmarks, as well as links and frequently asked questions. Users can access NAEP results and build charts from district report cards.
North Carolina NCLB at < http://www.dpi.state.nc.us/nclb/ > Frequently asked questions, explanations of methods of measuring Adequate Yearly Progress, school choice, restructuring, supplimental services, district Title I information, and state contacts for NCLB. The more current information includes a November 2007 newsletter, lists of Blue Ribbon schools for 2007, and a document explaining how to read an Adequate Yearly Progress report.
The Education Commission of the States (ECS) has published the NCLB Database to detail how states are meeting NCLB requirements, updated on a periodic basis. Online at < http://nclb2.ecs.org/Nclbsurvey/nclb.aspx >
Professional educastion organization sites
The Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) is an excellent source for NCLB compiling press releases, news articles, and special reports. One special report with further links, Keeping up with the No Child Left Behind Act from October 2003, is valuable as background covering the law, news articles, standards & assessment, teacher quality, state reports, and perspectives from others. No Child Left Behind: Three Years On is a SmartBrief published February, 2006 surveying NCLB's impact on local school districts. NCLB: Taking Stock and Looking Forward was poblished January 7, 2008.
ASCD special reports at
10/2003 at < http://www.smartbrief.com/alchemy/servlet/encodeServlet?issueid=68D55750-9C3A-43C6-8EF2-80126FF5BF7E >
02/22/06 at < http://www.smartbrief.com/alchemy/servlet/encodeServlet?issueid=6992FD82-2AFC-4C9B-AD41-F235F77E51CF&lmid=archives >
01/07/08 at < http://www.smartbrief.com/news/ASCD/storyDetails.jsp?issueid=FA49AC90-9B48-4EAE-BA84-A51EF411A30F©id=F860A5CC-69E2-445A-AF98-F82967FBB759&lmcid= >.
The Center on Education Policy posts articles and reports related to NCLB at < http://www.cep-dc.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=Page.viewPage&pageId=495&parentID=481 >. Topics include state implementation, achievement, restructuring and Reading First.
Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) Federal Programs: NCLB at < http://www.ccsso.org/federal_programs/NCLB/index.cfm >. Resources include general information summaries and documents on issues in specific implementation areas.
NEA Today April 2006 Cover Story. How NCLB can help education and why, overall, it’s hurting more than helping. < http://www.nea.org/neatoday/0604/coverstory.html >
The Rural School Community Trust has several articles posted at < http://www.ruraledu.org/site/c.beJMIZOCIrH/b.1073931/k.59AC/No_Child_Left_Behind.htm > relating to the specific concerns of small rural schools in implementing NCLB.
News media sites
The AFT blog, NCLBlog, comments on a lot of articles and reports that make the news. < http://www.letsgetitright.org/blog/ >
A Statement of the National Council of Churches lists ten “moral concerns“ in the implementation of NCLB. < http://www.ncccusa.org/pdfs/LeftBehind.pdf >
Public Broadcasting Service‘s background on standards, testing, and NCLB is provided through Frontline interviews and other resources. < http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/schools/ >
Sites about current rules changes and negotiated adjustments in NCLB
The NEA page at < http://www.nea.org/esea/rules-changes.html > explains NCLB rules changes made by the U.S. Education Department in nine areas as of February 2006.
The Education Department announced in November 2005 that up to ten states would be approved to replace the “adequate yearly progress“ with a "growth model" allowing for a measure of improvement in individual student achievement over time. Twenty states had applied by the deadline. In an announcement on May 17, 2006, Tennessee and North Carolina were the only two states approved to use a growth model to report math and reading progress. On July 3, 2007, Arizona and Alaska joined Tennessee, North Carolina, Delaware, Arkansas, Florida, Ohio, and Iowa as the only states approved to make the switch. On December 7, 2007, Education Secretary Margaret Spellings announced the expansion of the pilot program. Spellings said this was possible because many states have improved their efforts to collect and safeguard information about individual students, but the Education Department will still have to review and approve state plans for switching to a growth model.
On July 27, 2006, the U.S. Department of Education announced a pilot program designed to help states better test the reading and mathematics skills of students with limited English proficiency under the federal No Child Left Behind Act. Six Technical Assistance Projects were announced with resources scheduled for completion summer 2007. The first of these six produced a Draft Framework for Developing High Quality English Language Proficiency (ELP) Standards and Assessments, which was opened for review October, 2007. In December 2007, chief state school officers were invited to “undertake an independent and voluntary self-directed review of their state's English language proficiency standards and assessments using the Framework on High-Quality English Language Proficiency Standards and Assessments.”
projects at < http://www.ed.gov/about/inits/ed/lep-partnership/projects.html#frame >
framework at < http://www.aacompcenter.org/cs/aacc/view/pro/819 >.
On March 18, 2008, a Differentiated Accountability Pilot was announced that would offer states more latitude ii helping poor-performing schools. Up to tern states could be approved to use the new accountability system for the 2008-09 school year. < http://www.ed.gov/news/pressreleases/2008/03/03182008.html >
A New York Times article summarizes reactions to the “fixes” proposed by Secretary Spellings on April 22, 2008 to use her executive powers issuing final regulations in November to take effect one month later in December. < http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/23/washington/23child.html?_r=1&ex=1366689600&en=6d69dbcefb220057&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss&oref=slogin > Read the Press Release and proposed regulations. < http://www.ed.gov/policy/elsec/reg/proposal/index.html >
Sites for a targeted audience
A Practical Guide to Talking With Your Community About No Child Left Behind and Schools in Need of Improvement at < http://www.learningfirst.org/publications/nclbguide/ >.
The Guide consists of a set of documents from the Learning First Alliance that can be viewed in pdf, html, or Word format.
The TransACT No Child Left Behind Parent Communication Center offers over 50 legal and policy documents in six languages for parent communications. This fee-based service by subscription includes the NCLB Roadmap tool to create a district compliance plan. < http://www.transact.com/public/services/nclb.htm >
community leader or parent leader
Action Briefs developed by Public Education Network (PEN) and the National Coalition for Parent Involvement in Education (NCPIE) on major themes covered by NCLB are written in easy-to-use language. Each brief focuses on a specific section of the law and includes: regulations within the law, glossary of terms, action steps, resources. Access the briefs at < http://www.publiceducation.org/nclb_actionbriefs.asp >.
The U.S. Department of Education website, No Child Left Behind: A Parents Guide, provides an overview, fact sheets, frequently asked questions, and references for further information. Available as a PDF file and in Spanish. < http://www.ed.gov/parents/academic/involve/nclbguide/parentsguide.html >
Back To School, Moving Forward. Brochure on What No Child Left Behind means for America's families with introductory letter from President Bush. Read online or download pdf file of the brochure. Also in Spanish. < http://www.ed.gov/inits/backtoschool/families/part2.html >
Parenting Perspectives: NCLB. Overview, frequently asked questions, links to additional resources. < http://www.teachersandfamilies.com/open/parent/nclb/index.cfm >
parent of gifted student
More Questions than Answers: No Child Left Behind examines the impact of NCLB on gifted education. < http://www.nagc.org/index.aspx?id=1256 >
No Educator Left Behind: Head Start addresses how NCLB will affect the education requirements for Head Start staff members. < http://www.educationworld.com/a_issues/issues385.shtml >
NCLB-related documents are provided by The National School Boards Association. Materials from 2002 through 2008 focus on overview, Adequate Yearly Progress, highly qualified staff, and other general provisions in NCLB (enter NCLB in search box). < http://www.nsba.org/site/ >
No Child Left Behind: A Toolkit for Teachers is a booklet in PDF file format, revised May 2004. Covers the important aspects of the legislation focusing on the teacher quality provisions. < http://www.ed.gov/teachers/nclbguide/index2.html >
Sites related to pending reauthorization
American Federation of Teachers. Theme: NCLBLet's Get It Right at < http://www.aft.org/topics/nclb/index.htm >. AFT recommendations to improve NCLB focusing on four areas: adequate yearly progress, highly qualified staff, school improvement/services, funding.
The Commission on No Child Left Behind held a series of hearings between its organization March 7, 2006 and the final hearing September 25, 2006. The Commission “is a bipartisan, independent commission that will examine the strengths and weaknesses of the No Child Left Behind Act and make concrete and realistic recommendations to Congress, the Administration, State and local stakeholders, parents and the general public.” The report was released February 13, 2007 to immediate concern as to how well the commission fulfilled its task.. < http://www.aspeninstitute.org/site/c.huLWJeMRKpH/b.938015/k.40DA/
Council of Chief State School Officers released their Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Reauthorization Policy Statement on October 16, 2006. < http://www.ccsso.org/whats_new/Press_Releases/9029.cfm >
National Association of Secondary School Principals publication in pdf format No Child Left Behind Legislative Recommendations at < http://www.principals.org/s_nassp/bin.asp?CID=31&DID=52898&DOC=FILE.PDF >.
The National Council of Churches has launched a website to support their Ten Moral Concerns in the Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act with a year-long letter writing campaign at < http://www.ncccusa.org/news/060914nclbletterwriting.html >.
The National Governors Association has released the Joint Statement on Reauthorization of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) with the National Asoociation of State Boards of Education and the Council of Chief State School Officers; including attachments of their respective position papers on NCLB and ESEA policies at < http://www.nga.org/Files/pdf/0704NCLBSTATEMENT.PDF >.
The National School Boards Association Action Alert: Tools & Tactics for Making the Law Work. This Alert describes NSBA’s Bill to Improve NCLB (pdf) at < http://www.nsba.org/site/docs/35300/35210.pdf >.
Phi Delta Kappa. Theme: Making It Work by Making It Better at < http://www.pdkintl.org/advocacy/NCLB.htm >. Outlines actions planned by the organization and individual members.
U.S. Senators support the overhaul of NCLB testing mandates and other changes in a letter dated February 15, 2007 to the committee responsible for beginning work on reauthorization at < http://www.nea.org/esea/lettertohelp0207.html >
The list of signers on the Joint Organizational Statement on No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act was updated January 2, 2008 and now includes 142 organizations at < http://www.fairtest.org/joint%20statement%20civil%20rights%20grps%2010-21-04.html >. While endorsing the use of an accountability system that helps ensure the preparation of all children to be successful as adults, this statement makes recommendations for revision of the law in five areas: progress measurement, assessments, building capacity, sanctions and funding.
Sites related to lawsuits
There has been concern about the effects of NCLB on state finances and school improvement efforts already initiated by states and districts. The NEA with several affiliates and nine school districts filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Department of Education on April 20, 2005. The case was dismissed November 23, 2005, but on March 22, 2006, NEA announced the intent to appeal. On March 31, 2006, the states of Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Maine, Oklahoma, and Wisconsin, and the District of Columbia, along with the governor of Pennsylvania, the American Association of School Administrators, and state and local officials in California filed briefs supporting NEA’s position. On January 7, 2008 the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled to revive the lawsuit. On May 1, 2008 the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals agreed the entire court would rehear the case thus effectively setting aside the ruling of the panel.
lawsuit at < http://www.nea.org/lawsuit/index.html >
01/07/08 ruling at < http://www.nea.org/lawsuit/index.html >
05/02/08 vote for rehearing at < http://www.edweek.org/media/ca6_order_granting_rehearing_en_banc.pdf >
Connecticut filed a lawsuit in August 2005 challenging the No Child Left Behind Act. < http://www.ct.gov/ag/cwp/view.asp?a=2129&q=310548 >. On September 27, 2006, a federal judge dismissed three of the four claims in Connecticut’s lawsuit. Both sides claimed a victory as the legalities proceed. < http://www.boston.com/news/local/connecticut/
A federal judge dismissed the last of the four claims April 28, 2008. The Connecticut Attorney General plans to appeal the decision.
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